R. Messnarz, A. Much, C. Kreiner, M. Biró, J. Gorner: Need for the Continuous Evolution of Systems Engineering Practices for Modern Vehicle Engineering. In: Stolfa J., Stolfa S., O'Connor R., Messnarz R. (eds) Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 748, pp 439-452. Springer, Cham. 2017, Proceedings of 24th European Conference, EuroSPI 2017, Ostrava, Czech Republic, September 6–8, 2017 dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64218-5_36
Cars of the future (ADAS – Autonomous self-driving assistant) will need to cover a number of new standards for mechatronic design and networking of the car in the cloud. This includes job roles for ISO 26262, IEC 61508 (functional safety), SAE J3061 (cybersecurity), etc. For instance, a car driving on a street will exchange information with neighbouring cars and learn the right steering angle, speed, etc. while the driver is using the car like a work place. Manufacturers plan to produce from 2030 only cars which have such a self-driving function incorporated. The design of new electric cars will require new infrastructures, new energy management, new battery concepts, and also new materials design (light weight and still resistant), and the job role pool will include these key skills as well. The production of cars will be with connected plants, robots to be programmed, and central production servers to coordinate the industry 4.0 type of production virtually across the world. And the new cybersecurity norm SAE J3061 will develop further in the next years because by moving the cars to the cloud and the production to industry 4.0 leaves Europe’s industry vulnerable to attacks if this is not handled. Also the medical systems move towards an IoT (Internet of Things) approach where people receive implants which read out the data and transport them to the mobile which forwards the data to a medical service in the cloud where data are used by states and hospitals.